From innovative treatments to the latest insights into neurological disease, new trends in neurology are fast-paced and wide-ranging. It is literally impossible for any neurologist not to see frequent and major advances in the field. Fortunately, neurology resources can help keep you up to date on emerging developments in neurology. Here’s a look at four trends in neurology and how to learn more about them while earning CME credit through AudioDigest.
1. New Migraine Treatments
In recent years, a number of medications have been approved for migraine treatment and prophylaxis. However, several of the newer prophylactic agents are given by injection, which is fairly unfamiliar territory for most migraine patients. While migraine sufferers are eager for relief, many are also hesitant about the idea of injections and will likely have many questions about the benefits and potential side effects of prophylactic injectables.
Keep up with migraine management with “Interventions for Headaches and Migraines,” a talk that focuses on preventive medications and rescue treatment for chronic or refractory headaches.
With time, your personal experience prescribing these medications will deepen your insight about their effects. And you will eventually also be able to look to medical publications for more information as investigators further document the outcomes of sustained treatment with new migraine and headache medications.
2. Pediatric Migraine
Pediatric migraine control is one of the latest trends in neurology. Children have complained about headaches and migraine-associated bouts of vomiting for generations. In the past, this would often result in a tentative diagnosis of childhood anxiety, but growing awareness of the pediatric migraine as well as developments in diagnostic criteria have made diagnoses more accurate.
Even when pediatric migraines were definitively identified, only a few treatments were traditionally considered safe for children, but that’s changing. The lecture “Five Traps to Avoid in Managing Headaches in Children” describes the updated strategies for managing pediatric migraine so you can treat your young patients with the latest solutions.
3. Neurological Issues With Multisystem Manifestations
Few health conditions are purely neurological, so neurologists and primary care physicians must take a collaborative approach to managing conditions that require simultaneous control of neurological processes and non-neurological processes. It’s important to understand how to manage the situation when there’s an overlap between primary care and neurological issues.
Such is the case with adult metabolic encephalopathy, which is discussed in “Diagnosis of Acquired Metabolic Diseases that Affect the Nervous System.” Congenital pediatric metabolic diseases are similar to, yet somewhat different from, acquired adult metabolic issues. Many metabolic diseases can cause multisystem developmental deficits, often with neurological manifestations being the most obvious and consequential. A primer on childhood metabolic diseases and their effects on the nervous system is provided in “Inborn Errors of Metabolism that Affect the Nervous System,” also available for CME credit on AudioDigest.
The key when it comes to neurological disease due to metabolic issues isn’t that they’re new. Metabolic encephalopathy and congenital metabolic deficits are common and well-established problems. Updates are focused on the advances in genetic testing and usable laboratory analysis that are rapidly yielding new practical advantages that help improve diagnosis and management.
4. Psychiatry and Neurology Overlap
Of course, there’s often a gray area between neurological and psychiatric conditions. Sometimes these issues and their prevalence change over time as diagnostic tools develop that can better define neurological and psychiatric diseases.
In addition, even neuropsychiatric medication side effects can become more prevalent or less common as prescribing trends change over time. Awareness of certain conditions can lead to improved diagnosis, even of the prevalence of a condition doesn’t change. “Common Psychiatric Diagnoses in the Neurology Clinic” addresses ways to identify sleep issues like insomnia and psychiatric disorders such as mania, providing direction for how to counsel patients about next steps. Subspecialists in neurology also see specific comorbid psychiatric issues that tend to occur along with the neurological diseases they see, and might seek information about specific coverage of these topics, such as that provided in the AudioDigest talk “Dementia with Psychotic Symptoms.”